Gingivitis and Periodontitis
Gingivitis is a very common and mild form of gum (periodontal)
disease that causes irritation, redness and swelling (inflammation) of
your gums. Because gingivitis can be very mild, you may not be
aware that you have the condition. But it's important to take
gingivitis seriously and treat it promptly. Gingivitis can lead to much
more serious gum disease (periodontitis) and eventual tooth loss.
The most common cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene. Good oral
health habits, such as regular professional checkups and daily
brushing and flossing, can help prevent gingivitis.
Healthy gums are firm and pale pink. If your gum are puffy,
dusky red and bleed easily, you may have gingivitis. Because gingivitis is seldom painful,
you can have gingivitis without even knowing it. Signs and symptons of gingivitis may include:
- Swollen gums
- Soft, puffy gums
- Recending gums
- Occasionally, tender gums
Gums that bleed easily
when you brush of floss, sometimes seen as redness or pinkness on your brush or floss
- A change in colour of your gums from a healthy pink to dusky red
- Bad breath
When to see a dentist?
Most dentists recommend regular checkups to identify gingivitis,
cavities (caries) and other dental conditions before they cause
troubling symptoms and lead to more-serious problems. Also schedule
an appointment with your dentist if you notice any signs and
symptoms of gingivitis. The sooner you seek care, the better your
chances of reversing damage from gingivitis and preventing its
progression to more-serious conditions.